1880 - 1961 MANIA (Wilbushewitcz) SHOCHAT (Russia -Israel)
Revolutionary and pioneer. Shochat began her revolutionary activities in Russia and set up a
Jewish Workers' Party which had the backing of the czar. After its dissolution in 1903, she
joined her brother in Eretz Israel. Mania was instrumental along with her husband, Israel
Shochat, in the founding of HaShomer, the Jewish self-defense organization (1909). They
settled in Sejera (Ilaniyah), which became the first collective settlement. In her later years
she was active as a social worker in helping new immigrants.