712 March, TOLEDO (Spain)
The Jewish inhabitants opened the gates for the Moslem invaders under Tarik ibn Zayid marking the end of Visigothic rule in Spain and the beginning of
150 years of peace. Thus began what was known as the Golden Age of Spain.
The Iberian caliphate was independent of Baghdad and encouraged the
flowering of Spanish-Jewish culture at the same time that it was being
suppressed by the Baghdad caliphate.