1300 - 1350 SANTOB DE CARRION (Spain)
Famous troubadour and poet to Don Pedro and his predecessor, Alfonso X.
1300 WORLD JEWISH POPULATION
Was estimated at 1.5 million, with 93% Sephardic.
1300 May 19, CERVERA BIBLE
Was completed. Written on parchment by Samuel Ben Abraham ibn Nathan, it consists of 451 folios in two columns It was illustrated by Joseph Hazarfati. This is one of the most beautiful illuminated bibles still in existence.
Riots broke out, encouraged by the Mamluk rulers. Many Jews and Christians - including all the Jews of Bilbeis - were forcibly converted to Islam.
1305 July 26, (4 Av Shabbat Chazon) A BAN ON THE STUDYING OF PHILOSOPHY OR SCIENCE
For anyone under the age of 30 was read out in synagogues on Shabbat ( 4 of Av) throughout southern France and Spain. The decree, which did not include medicine, originated with Abba Mari Ben Moses. It was written by Solomon ben Aderet and signed by thirty three rabbis. He was vociferously opposed by Jacob Machir and Don Profiat Tibbon, (see 1235) who pronounced a counter ban. The expulsion of all French Jews by Philip IV " the Fair" in 1306, for the most part ended the controversy.
1306 AARON BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL (France)
Scholar and Halachist ,was exiled by Philip IV. His celebrated Orhot Hayyim ( Ways of Life) is a compilation of Talmudic laws and discussions. His work though unique, was overtaken in popularity by Jacob ben Asher's Arba'h Turim (see 1270)
1306 January 21, FRANCE
Phillip the Fair, needing funds after his war with the Flemish, issued secret orders to ready for the expulsion of the Jews and the confiscation of their property. Any Jews found after a given date were to be executed.
1306 July 22, PHILIP THE FAIR (France)
Expelled the ( approximately 100,000) Jews from his lands after arresting all of them (on the day after the 9th of Av) and confiscating their property. Phillip began planning the expulsion six months in advance. All their property and belongings were auctioned with the king receiving the takings. Their debts were also transferred to the King and he received the payments from their Christian debtors. Gradually, they were allowed to drift back. In 1315 his son Louis cancelled the decree but they were expelled again in 1322.
1307 (4 Adar 5067) RABBI MEIR OF ROTHENBERG (Germany)
Was allowed to be buried. He had died in prison more then 10 years earlier, and was finally allowed to be buried after being ransomed by Alexander b. Salomo Wimpfen for a large sum of money. He was buried in Worms. (See 1215)