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1942 December 17, FRANCE - SPAIN

The first organized group of young French Jews left to try crossing to Spain. Upon arrival, they were arrested and spent the next 2 months in the prison of Pampeluna. Only later the next year, under pressure from both England and the United States, did the Spanish government allow refugees to move into boarding houses provided that the funds would come from abroad. Until that time, many of the refugees were kept in camps under appalling conditions. The Spanish government, although rarely turning away people at the border, did its best to discourage refugees crossing over from France.




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