1795 - 1874 (5 Cheshvan 5634) ZEVI HIRSCH KALISHER (Germany-Prussia)
The foremost developer of a nationalistic religious philosophy, which he
expounded in his Dreishat Zion (The Seeking of Zion). Kalisher was a
student of Rabbi Akiva Eiger and served as an unpaid rabbi in the town
of Thorn (now part of Poland). He believed that the return to Zion should
be brought about by acts, not by waiting for the Messiah (see 1862. Once the Jews returned to Zion, then the Messiah would come. Kalisher was instrumental in encouraging the idea of establishing agricultural
settlements as well as having Jews guarding them.