Today in Jewish History - November 9 / Cheshvan 11
1938 November 9, KRISTALLNACHT (Germany)
Courtesy of Reinhard Claudi
Goebbels called vom Rath's murder "a Jewish conspiracy" and a nation-wide pogrom was organized by the German government. Fifty thousand Jews were arrested and taken to concentration camps, five hundred synagogues were destroyed and the Jewish community of Germany was forced to pay one billion reichmarks ($400,000,000) for the damage.